#1 Free Straight Line Depreciation Calculator

#1 Free Straight Line Depreciation Calculator

#1 Free Straight Line Depreciation Calculator


Straight line depreciation is the most commonly used and straightforward depreciation method for allocating the cost of a capital asset. It is calculated by simply dividing the cost of an asset, less its salvage value, by the useful life of the asset. This method is useful because it is simple and can be applied on many kinds of long-term assets. However, this method does not show accurate difference in the usage of an asset and could be inappropriate for some depreciable assets. We can take some hi-tech appliances like computers/ laptops as an example.

Also, keep in mind that most tax systems don't allow for using this model. The more formal definition of depreciation says that it is the method of calculating the cost of an asset over its lifespan. In accounting, depreciation is perceived as a method of reallocating the cost of a tangible asset over its useful lifespan. To fully understand this approach, let's study the following situation. Let’s say, for instance, that a hypothetical company has just invested $1 million into long-term fixed assets. In the straight line method of depreciation, the value of an asset is reduced in equal installments in each period until the end of its useful life.

What 6 concepts are covered in the Straight Line Depreciation Calculator?

Residual value — an estimated amount of money that an asset will be worth after the lifetime has elapsed . As was already mentioned, residual value is an estimated amount of money that an asset will be worth after the planned number of years of use.


The calculator provides you with accurate results so it's helpful in accounting of your company's finances. When it comes to tax and accounting purposes, only certain assets are considered depreciable. Conceptually, depreciation is the reduction in the value of an asset over time due to elements such as wear and tear. Try to use common sense when determining the salvage value of an asset, and always be conservative. Don’t overestimate the salvage value of an asset since it will reduce the depreciation expense you can take.

Using a Formula to Calculate Straight-Line Depreciation

Depending on how often they are used, different assets can wear out at different rates, and any method of calculating depreciation value may come in handy. If you're using this method, your initial depreciation expenses will be substantially higher than the ones in the following years.


Over the next years, the value of the car decreases, until after several years , it reaches zero value. To avoid the hassles of selling a used car, many people prefer leasing a car these days instead of buying one. On the other hand, if you sell an asset below its net book value, you will need to record a loss on sale. Calculating the input would give you the depreciable base, the devaluation expense for the first and final years as well as the schedule where you can analyze the data. Our calculator employs the straight-line depreciation equation to determine the answer. All that you have to do is simply put in the values required in the respective boxes in our calculator. Annual depreciation is equal to the cost of the asset, minus the salvage value, divided by the useful life of the asset.

Straight Line Depreciation Calculator « Double Entry #bookkeeping

When the value of an https://bookkeeping-reviews.com/ drops at a set rate over time, it is known as straight line depreciation. Depreciation calculation methods like Percentage are more useful as accelerated measures of depreciation, learn more about it here. The salvage price of the asset will be the current value of the asset whenever you decide to sell the asset. For the example $1,000 asset, if you decide the asset’s useful life is 5 years, the salvage price will be $168. If you decide to sell the asset after 10 years, the salvage price will be $28.

Straight line depreciation method is the most useful depreciation model for distributing the cost of an asset in time. The value of an asset will most likely decrease over time, depreciation is a way to measure by how much and how quickly an asset declines in value. Many business purchases will need to account for depreciation in order to calculate the correct tax deductions each year. Common assets that depreciate quickly include equipment, cars, phones, and even rental properties. Divide this amount by the asset’s book value to determine what percent of the asset’s original value will be lost in the first year. Though straight-line depreciation is used for the majority of assets, there are other methods for calculating depreciation that may be more accurate in particular situations.

Residual value and depreciation

According to straight line depreciation, the company machinery will depreciate $500 every year. A business purchased some essential operational machinery for $7,000. The machine is estimated to have a useful life of 10 years and an estimated salvage value of $2,000.

How do you calculate depreciation for 5 years?

Straight Line Example

Cost of the asset – Estimated salvage value: $100,000 – $20,000 = $80,000 total depreciable cost. Useful life of the asset: 5 years. Divide step (2) by step (3): $80,000 / 5 years = $16,000 annual depreciation amount.

The depreciation expense in this kind of asset is not likely to be similar throughout its useful life as new technologies keep on changing. To find the yearly depreciation amount using the double-declining method, multiply the value of the asset at the beginning of the year by twice the straight line depreciation percentage. In our example, the double-declining balance percentage would be 20%, so in the first year, an asset purchased for $5,000 would depreciate by $1,000. Companies often select the double-declining balance method to record depreciation on assets that will lose most of their value early on in its life. For example, mobile devices and other tech equipment typically lose most of their resale value when newer models become available, even if the asset is still well within its useful lifespan. Straight line depreciation calculator uses a formula by subtracting the salvage price of an asset from its purchase price, then dividing this number by the number of years of the asset’s useful life.

How to Calculate Straight – Line Depreciation

If you release an earnings statement and later have to issue a correction, for example, it can impact shareholder confidence and cause your stock price to drop. In a worst-case scenario, you could face penalties from the SEC. To determine your asset’s current value, multiply the depreciation amount per time period by the number of time periods left in the asset’s useful lifespan. For example, if you’re calculating depreciation in years and you plan to sell the asset for salvage in ten years, the current value is the 10x the yearly depreciation value. First and foremost, you need to calculate the cost of the depreciable asset you are calculating straight-line depreciation for. After all, the purchase price or initial cost of the asset will determine how much is depreciated each year. You can calculate straight-line depreciation of the given asset with this little gizmo in real-time.

  • Conceptually, depreciation is the reduction in the value of an asset over time due to elements such as wear and tear.
  • Straight-line depreciation can be recorded as a debit to the depreciation expense account.
  • The IRS has categorized depreciable assets into several property classes.
  • As these assets age, their depreciation rates slow over time.

Assets with no salvage value will have the same total depreciation as the cost of the asset. Use this calculator to calculate the simple straight line depreciation of assets. Let’s say that an office worker purchases a copier for $8000. However, it costs another $100 to ship the copier to the office. By inputting a variety of data for each of the major assets you own, you will be better able to think about what is a better investment for your money.

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